Environmental Quiz, Part 2


This quiz originally appeared in the Awesome Possum game cartridge. The questions and answers are Copyright 1992-1993 Time Warner Interactive (used by permission). All Rights Reserved.


One-third of the world's forests are in the

  1. Australian outback
  2. Amazon
  3. ocean


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To survive, how much does a hummingbird have to eat every day?

  1. A quarter of its own body weight
  2. More than its own weight
  3. More than a human eats


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If you took all the DNA from all of your cells and uncoiled it, it would:

  1. be a foot long (0.3 meters)
  2. be a mile long (1.6 km)
  3. stretch to the moon and back 8000 times


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The thick haze that covers the Arctic every November to April is composed of:

  1. dust from the Canadian tundra
  2. industrial pollutants that "migrate" from Russia
  3. ozone layer fallout


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Which consumes the most water?

  1. Agriculture
  2. Households
  3. Industry


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What is stored in a camel's hump?

  1. Water
  2. Body fat
  3. A deadly poison


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What is a rattlesnake's rattle made of?

  1. Extra skin left after molting
  2. New skin
  3. Calcium carbonate, like in a clam shell


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Why is the Narwhal different from all other whale species?

  1. It has a long unicorn-like tusk
  2. It is the largest known whale
  3. It is purple


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Which animal do polar bears most like to eat?

  1. Penguins
  2. Seals
  3. Tropical fish


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Penguins are found only in:

  1. the Arctic (North Pole)
  2. the Antarctic (South Pole)
  3. Iceland


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What happened at Three Mile Island in 1979?

  1. Part of a nuclear energy plant melted and released radioactivity
  2. A major oil spill occurred as a tanker ran aground
  3. The light bulb was invented


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Which U.S. state uses the most wind-driven electric power?

  1. Connecticut
  2. Kansas
  3. California


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Where are the majority of all species on earth found?

  1. Coral reefs
  2. Tropical rainforests
  3. New York City


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A result of rainforest destruction is:

  1. flooding in some areas
  2. drought in some areas
  3. both


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What is the expected world population in the year 2000?

  1. 6 billion
  2. 80 billion
  3. 400 million


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What is an "introduced species"?

  1. A plant or animal that was transported from its original habitat to a new one
  2. A species living in a zoo
  3. An important part of plant and animal etiquette


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A detritivore eats:

  1. dead organisms
  2. plants and animals
  3. humans


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A savannah is comprised mostly of:

  1. desert
  2. grassland
  3. thick forests


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Which city is the most populated?

  1. Tokyo, Japan
  2. Mexico City, Mexico
  3. Los Angeles, United States


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The typical refrigerator/freezer found in American homes uses:

  1. less energy than those designed in the 1940's
  2. more
  3. the same


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What percentage of energy used by an average incandescent light bulb is wasted as heat?

  1. 25%
  2. 55%
  3. 95%


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A compact fluorescent light bulb uses 1/4 of the energy used by an incandescent bulb and will last how many times longer?

  1. 2 times
  2. 5 times
  3. 10 times


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What percentage of the Sahara desert would a solar electric plant have to occupy to produce all of the electrical energy used on earth?

  1. 1%
  2. 7%
  3. 10%


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If American households used the most efficient refrigerators produced, how many nuclear power plants would no longer be needed?

  1. 1
  2. 5
  3. 18


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If every incandescent light bulb in the typical American home were replaced by a compact fluorescent bulb, America would become an energy exporting nation.

  1. True
  2. False


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If America used the most efficient lighting now available, we would save $30 billion each year and reduce our energy consumption by:

  1. 10%
  2. 25%
  3. 75%


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Which uses more energy over a 24-hour period, the typical refrigerator/freezer or a heated waterbed?

  1. A refrigerator/freezer
  2. A waterbed
  3. They use about the same amount


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The first water pump powered by the sun was created in:

  1. the 1st century A.D.
  2. 1492
  3. 1805


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In the late nineteenth century, a French inventor stunned a crowd of onlookers when he:

  1. powered the world's first solar steam engine
  2. made ice from the heat of the sun
  3. both of the above


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What color are Black bears?

  1. Black, only
  2. Any color except black
  3. Various colors including white


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Environmental changes have reduced the number of species to the lowest level since:

  1. the big bang
  2. the Mesozoic era, 65 million years ago
  3. 1492


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If all humans stood on each others' shoulders, they would form a human tower

  1. as tall as Mount Everest
  2. 12 times higher than the moon
  3. from here to Alpha Centauri


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The poison dart frog is called that because it

  1. shoots poison darts
  2. secretes a poison that natives dip their darts in
  3. looks like a poison dart


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In 1956 26 African ("killer") queen bees escaped into the jungles of Brazil. Now their offspring on the American continent number in the:

  1. millions
  2. billions
  3. trillions


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How many flowers do bees have to visit in order to make a pound (454 grams) of honey?

  1. Two dozen
  2. Two thousand
  3. Two million


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The blue-streak cleaner fish makes its living by:

  1. eating parasites off other fish
  2. cleaning submarine windows
  3. cleaning fishermen's plates


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In 24 hours, a bamboo plant can grow almost:

  1. 4 inches (10 cm)
  2. 4 feet (1.2 meters)
  3. 4 miles (6.4 km)


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During winter, how long can camels survive without drinking?

  1. 1 week
  2. 1 month
  3. 3 months


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How much water can an average camel drink in 10 minutes?

  1. 5 glasses
  2. 5 gallons (19 liters)
  3. Nearly 30 gallons (114 liters)


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How many blue whales would it take to weigh as much as one giant sequoia tree?

  1. 1
  2. 4
  3. 35


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The world's largest tree is a giant sequoia named General Sherman. About how old is it?

  1. 200 years
  2. A thousand years
  3. 3500 years


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About 60% of all animal species are

  1. beetles
  2. monkeys
  3. birds


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The horseshoe crab is related to the

  1. normal crab
  2. spider
  3. horse


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Which place contains the greatest mass of living material per acre?

  1. Coastal forests of the Pacific Northwest
  2. The great plains of the Midwest
  3. Tropical rainforests


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In this century, use of fossil fuels has:

  1. declined slightly
  2. doubled
  3. grown tenfold


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How much cleared tropical forest land is required to produce enough beef for one quarterpound hamburger?

  1. 2 square feet (1858 sq. cm)
  2. 55 square feet (5 sq. meters)
  3. 10 square miles (26 sq. km)


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What percent of the rainforests in Central America were cleared from 1960 to 1985 to make pasture for beef cattle?

  1. 5%
  2. 40%
  3. 100%


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Conserving one gallon (3.8 liters) of gasoline reduces carbon dioxide emissions by

  1. 1 ounce (28 grams)
  2. 1 pound (454 grams)
  3. 20 pounds (9 kg)


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How much garbage does the average person in the United States produce per day?

  1. 1 pound (454 grams)
  2. Almost 4 pounds (1.8 kg)
  3. Over a ton


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Used motor oil should be:

  1. poured on the ground
  2. thrown in the trash
  3. taken to an approved disposal site


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How much of the old-growth forest in the United States still exists?

  1. None
  2. 10%
  3. 50%


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If logging continues at current rates, all unprotected ancient forests in Oregon and Washington will be gone in:

  1. 30 years
  2. 100 years
  3. 200 years


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How much carbon does one Douglas fir remove from the atmosphere over its lifetime?

  1. 200 pounds (91 kg)
  2. 1 ton
  3. 400 tons


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How many Douglas firs would it take to make enough timber to build an average-sized house?

  1. 1
  2. 20
  3. 500


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Compared to the amount of oil spilled by the Exxon Valdez, how much used motor oil is improperly discarded by Americans each year?

  1. Half as much
  2. Twice as much
  3. 10 to 30 times as much


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Which is less expensive to use in the long run?

  1. Incandescent light bulbs
  2. Compact fluorescent bulbs


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If all the paper used in American offices were recycled, how many trees would be saved each year?

  1. 50 thousand
  2. 1 million
  3. 75 million


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Every navel orange is descended from a single:

  1. navel
  2. mutant orange tree
  3. tangerine


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Which has the most legs?

  1. A spider
  2. A fly
  3. A beetle


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Sharks do not have any:

  1. gills
  2. bones
  3. fins


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Spiders have their ears on their:

  1. heads
  2. legs
  3. stomachs


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The DNA (genetic code) is 99.8% identical between 2 people. How much of it do we share with gorillas?

  1. None
  2. 21.9%
  3. 98.3%


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What percent of all species that ever lived are now extinct?

  1. 1%
  2. About 50%
  3. 99.9%


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Which has the largest brain?

  1. The gorilla
  2. Neanderthal human
  3. Modern human


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At what rate are the cells in your body dividing?

  1. Several per day
  2. Hundreds per hour
  3. Millions per second


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Which animal produces a clicking sound that jams a bat's radar?

  1. The dog mouse
  2. The tiger moth
  3. The zebra bird


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The Amazonian rainforest was once home to over 6 million Indians. How many now survive?

  1. None
  2. 200 thousand
  3. 1 million


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How much of the ancient forest in the American northwest has been destroyed?

  1. 10%
  2. 50%
  3. 90%


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Wheeling, West Virginia has experienced rainfall almost as acidic as:

  1. lemon juice
  2. vinegar
  3. battery acid


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Before the development of agricultural chemicals, pests destroyed about 30% of the world's crops. What is the crop loss now?

  1. 0%
  2. 10%
  3. About 30%


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At current consumption rates, the world will use up its known usable oil reserves in less than:

  1. 50 years
  2. 150 years
  3. 1000 years


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How much of all the oil discovered in the U.S. has been burned?

  1. 2%
  2. 40%
  3. 80%


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How long did it take nature to produce the amount of fossil fuel humans burn in 1 year?

  1. A hundred years
  2. A thousand years
  3. A million years


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The main cause of the greenhouse effect is:

  1. Ozone
  2. Carbon dioxide
  3. Nitrous oxide


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80% of the carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere each year comes from:

  1. fossil fuels
  2. rotting vegetation
  3. methane from cows


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Brazil, Norway and the Philippines get at least half of their energy from:

  1. oil
  2. natural gas
  3. renewable sources


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Species are becoming extinct at how many times the natural rate?

  1. 100
  2. 1000
  3. 25,000


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What percent of modern medicines were derived from plants and animals?

  1. 5%
  2. 40%
  3. 98%


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Which area is home to the greatest number of bird species?

  1. Antarctica
  2. Costa Rica
  3. North America


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Drift nets, which trap seabirds and ocean mammals as well as fish, are sometimes as long as:

  1. 1 mile (1.6 km)
  2. 10 miles (16 km)
  3. 60 miles (97 km)


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How energy efficient is the U.S. compared to Japan in producing a unit of economic output?

  1. Half as energy efficient
  2. About the same
  3. Twice as energy efficient


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The opossum is the only North American:

  1. rodent
  2. marsupial
  3. dinosaur


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How acidic is the rain in New England compared to 25 years ago?

  1. Twice as acidic
  2. Eight times as acidic
  3. Fifty times as acidic


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How much of the toxic waste in the U.S. is improperly disposed of?

  1. 10%
  2. 50%
  3. 90%


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How much of Japan's garbage is recycled, compared to that of the U.S.?

  1. Half as much
  2. Twice as much
  3. Almost 5 times as much


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What percent of exotic parrots shipped to the U.S. from South America die in transit?

  1. 5%
  2. 50%
  3. 98%


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How much uranium does it take to produce as much energy as burning a ton of coal?

  1. A third of a gram
  2. 8 ounces (227 gm)
  3. 10 pounds (4.5 kg)


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How much tropical rainforest existed in 1950 compared to now?

  1. The same amount
  2. Twice as much
  3. 10 times as much


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Over three-quarters of the ocean's petroleum pollution comes from:

  1. tanker spills
  2. evaporation of unburned gasoline
  3. drilling mishaps


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How many trees are saved yearly due to use of recycled paper?

  1. None
  2. 100 thousand
  3. over 200 million


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Most Australian mammals are:

  1. primates
  2. marsupials
  3. rodents


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At birth, opossums are the size of a

  1. honeybee
  2. mouse
  3. cat


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How much voltage can a South American electric eel generate?

  1. 9 volts
  2. 120 volts
  3. 600 volts


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Mudskippers are fish that can walk on:

  1. land
  2. water
  3. air


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The Nile crocodile lets plovers enter its open mouth and eat:

  1. leeches from its gums
  2. plaque from its teeth
  3. germs that cause bad breath


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How much of the surface area of Los Angeles is paved?

  1. one-fifth
  2. one-third
  3. two-thirds


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How much money would the U.S. save each year if we reached Japanese levels of energy efficiency?

  1. $500 million
  2. $5.4 billion
  3. $220 billion


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After the 1973 oil shortage, the U.S. improved its energy efficiency and cut oil use by:

  1. 1 million barrels per year
  2. 5 million barrels per month
  3. 13 million barrels per day


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Compared to harvesting raw timber, harvesting waste paper in cities creates:

  1. half as many jobs
  2. the same number of jobs
  3. 5 times as many jobs


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How much paper is used each year in the U.S., per person?

  1. 50 pounds (23 kg)
  2. 140 pounds (64 kg)
  3. 600 pounds (272 kg)


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End of Part 2

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